Born in London, UK. PhD in Economics from the London School of Economics in 1989. I have since held posts at Dartmouth College, the University of Essex, CEPREMAP, DELTA, the OECD and the University of Orléans. I am currently CNRS Research Professor at PSE in Paris, France, and Research Fellow at the IZA (Bonn). My work has largely focused on the interface between psychology, sociology and economics; in particular, I have used job and life satisfaction scores, and other psychological indices, as proxy measures of utility. One research field has been that of relative utility or comparisons (to others like you, to others in the same household, and to yourself in the past). I also use direct measures of utility to analyse unemployment, quits, efficiency wages, and labor market rents.Recent work has involved looking at the relationship between individual well-being and income inequality, and collaboration with psychologists to map out habituation to life events.