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CentrePiece - Volume 18, Issue 1 Summer 2013
The future of British cities
New research findings from CEP are highlighted in the Summer 2013 issue of CentrePiece magazine:
BRITISH CITIES: planning restrictions and other mistakes keep Manchester too small
HAPPINESS: we value work but it has adverse effects on our wellbeing ‘in the moment’
BULLYING: job loss hurts more for people who feared bullying when they were children
EDUCATION IN SCOTLAND: pupil outcomes and inequalities similar to the rest of UK
INDIAN MANAGERS: long tail of badly run organisations in retail, education and health
CHINESE EXPORTERS: subsidies benefit the West at the expense of local consumers
HOSPITAL CHOICE: NHS reforms saved lives and pushed hospitals to improve quality
FALLING CRIME: indirect benefits of improving education and ‘making work pay’
UNIVERSITY DEGREES: the better the results, the better your early career earnings
What can urban policy do to improve the economic performance of Britain's cities? Henry Overman, director of the Spatial Economics Research Centre (SERC), surveys the evidence on potentially effective responses to the challenges of the recession and longer-term structural change.
Alex Bryson and George MacKerron analyse data on people's reported wellbeing 'in the moment'.
Nattavudh Powdthavee investigates whether the 'scarring' effects of bullying are particularly damaging to people who lose their job.
Gill Wyness, Sandra McNally and Stephen Machin explore how Scotland commpares with the rest of the UK in education.
Renata Lemos and Daniela Scur look at evidence on management practices in private firms and public organisations in India.
Fabrice Defever and Alejandro Riano evaluate incentives that encourage Chinese firms to produce almost exclusively for the foreign market.
Stephan Seiler and colleagues Martin Gaynor and Carol Propper assess changes in the quality of hospital care for cardiac surgery patients after Labour's choice reforms.
Elsewhere in this issue we reveal the impact of degree class on later earnings and outline CEP research that sheds light on the transformation in rates of property theft and violent crime.
To read ALL the articles please go to the CentrePiece website at http://cep.lse.ac.uk/CentrePiece - OR -
To keep up to date with the very latest articles from the magazine subscribe to the new CentrePiece webfeed
The impact of CEP's research on public policy and debateGo to our Big Ideas website
The impact of CEP's research on public policy and debate is profound. This is clear from seeing how often our research is quoted in the media and by policy makers.
But the influence of our research ideas is often harder to see in the daily news cycle, as often it enters the DNA of political discourse without reference back to the original work.
In this series of "Big Ideas" we survey some of the ways in which CEP's research has had an impact and how this has happened.
Press inquiries should be directed to Romesh Vaitilingam (Tel: 07768-661095 Email: email@example.com), or if unavailable, to Helen Durrant (Tel: 020 7955 7395 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Go to our Big Ideas website
Latest Papers from the CEP
For a full list or to browse a complete series select from the menu options on the left.
CentrePiece Magazine Article
Wage growth and productivity growth: the myth and reality of 'decoupling'
Joao Paulo Pessoa, John Van Reenen, December 2013
Paper No' CEPCP398: Read Abstract | Full paper
CentrePiece 18 (2) Autumn 2013 pages: 10-12
This article summarises ‘Decoupling of Wage Growth and Productivity Growth? Myth and Reality’ by João Paulo Pessoa and John Van Reenen, CEP Discussion Paper No. 1246, October 2013
CEP Discussion Paper
Resetting the Urban Network: 117-2012
Guy Michaels, Ferdinand Rauch, November 2013
Paper No' CEPDP1248: Read Abstract | Full paper
CEP Discussion Paper
An Urban Legend?! Power Rationing, Fertility and its Effects on Mothers
Thiemo Fetzer, Oliver Pardo, Amar Shanghavi, November 2013
Paper No' CEPDP1247: Read Abstract | Full paper
CEP Discussion Paper
Decoupling of Wage Growth and Productivity Growth? Myth and Reality
Joao Paulo Pessoa, John Van Reenen, October 2013
Paper No' CEPDP1246: Read Abstract | Full paper
Edited by Tim Besley and John Van Reenen
LSE (September 2013)
Why is economic growth such a rare and elusive butterfly in the UK garden? What institutions and policies are needed to sustain UK economic growth in the dynamic global economy of the twenty-first century?
After years of inadequate investment in skills, infrastructure and innovation, there are longstanding structural weaknesses in the economy, all rooted in a failure to achieve stable planning, strategic vision and a political consensus on the right policy framework to support growth. This must change if we are to meet our current challenges and others that may arise in the future.
Despite the current recession gloom, the UK has many assets that can be mobilised to its advantage. It has strong rule of law, generally competitive product markets, flexible labour markets and a world-class university system. It has strengths in many key sectors, with cutting-edge firms in both manufacturing and services. These and other assets helped to reverse the UK's relative economic decline over the century before 1980.
This book, based on the work of the LSE Growth Commission and greatly expanding upon its first published report, argues that the UK should build on these strengths and proposes how we can address the inadequate institutional structures that have deterred long-term investment to support our future prosperity.
The book is edited by Professors Tim Besley and John Van Reenen at the London School of Economics and Political Science. It develops on the themes outlined in the Commission's first brief report published in January 2013.
The Commissioners and contributors also include: Philippe Aghion, Lord John Browne, Francesco Caselli, Sir Richard Lambert, Rachel Lomax, Christopher Pissarides, Lord Nicholas Stern, Nitika Bagaria, Novella Bottini, Miguel Coelho, Joao Paulo Pessoa, Isabelle Roland and Jennifer Kao.Visit Growth Commission Website
Purchase this book from the publisher | Download Press Release (PDF)
Richard Layard and Stephen J. Nickell
Edited by Werner Eichhorst and Klaus F. Zimmermann
OUP (May 2011)
Combatting Unemployment is a collection of key papers from seminal labour economists Richard Layard and Stephen J. Nickell.
The authors received the IZA Prize in Labor Economics in 2008 for their path-breaking work on the relationship between labor market institutions and unemployment
Why is unemployment higher in some countries than others? Why does it fluctuate between decades? Why are some people at greater risk than others?
Layard and Nickell have worked on these issues for thirty years. Their famous model, first published in 1986, is now used throughout the world. It asserts that unemployment must be high enough to reduce the real wages for which workers settle to the level justified by productivity. So what affects 'wage push'? The authors showed early on that the key factors affecting 'wage push' are how unemployed workers are treated and how wages are negotiated. If unemployed people get benefits without being required to accept jobs, vacancies go unfilled and mass unemployment results. The solution is welfare-to-work policies like those now introduced in most parts of the world.
The authors have proposed these policies for the last twenty-five years in a series of key articles reproduced in this book. Their original analysis explains the subsequent movement of unemployment over the last two decades. They conclude the book with a new chapter on what should be done in the recession: no-one, they say, should be given unemployment benefit beyond a year, after which they should be offered work.
Purchase this book from the publisher
Penguin (April 2011)
In this new edition of his landmark book, Richard Layard shows that there is a paradox at the heart of our lives. Most people want more income. Yet as societies become richer, they do not become happier. This is not just anecdotally true, it is the story told by countless pieces of scientific research. We now have sophisticated ways of measuring how happy people are, and all the evidence shows that on average people have grown no happier in the last fifty years, even as average incomes have more than doubled. In fact, the First World has more depression, more alcoholism and more crime than fifty years ago. This paradox is true of Britain, the United States, continental Europe, and Japan. What is going on? Now fully revised and updated to include developments since first publication, Layard answers his critics in what is still the key book in 'happiness studies'.
Paul Gregg & Jonathan Wadsworth (Editors)
Oxford University Press (January 2011)
£30.00 / $55.00
This collection of essays - by leading economic experts on the UK labour market - provides an overview of the key issues concerning the performance of the labour market, and the policy issues surrounding it, with a focus on the recent recession and its aftermath. The result is the first comprehensive analysis of the economic downturn and the Labour government's record in the fields of employment, education, and welfare.
The result is the first serious comprehensive analysis of the economic downturn and the Labour government's record in the field of employment, spanning its time in office. An indispensable reference source on contemporary labour market developments in the UK, this book will be required reading, and of lasting use, to academics, students, practitioners, and policy makers.
Professor Paul Gregg and Professor Jonathan Wadsworth are both senior research fellows in LSE's Centre for Economic Performance's labour markets programme.Purchase this book from the publisher Go to the The Labour Market in Winter website where you can
Josh Lerner & Mark Schankerman
MIT Press (Dec 2010)
£25.95 / $35.00
Discussions of the economic impact of open source software often generate more heat than light. Advocates passionately assert the benefits of open source while critics decry its effects. Missing from the debate is rigorous economic analysis and systematic economic evidence of the impact of open source on consumers, firms, and economic development in general. This book fills that gap. In The Comingled Code, Josh Lerner and Mark Schankerman, drawing on a new, large-scale database, show that open source and proprietary software interact in sometimes unexpected ways, and discuss the policy implications of these findings.
The new data (from a range of countries in varying stages of development) documents the mixing of open source and proprietary software: firms sell proprietary software while contributing to open source, and users extensively mix and match the two. Lerner and Schankerman examine the ways in which software differs from other technologies in promoting economic development, what motivates individuals and firms to contribute to open source projects, how developers and users view the trade-offs between the two kinds of software, and how government policies can ensure that open source competes effectively with proprietary software and contributes to economic development.
For more info, or to purchase online, please visit the MIT website
The Economist - 15 Jan 2011, p.78, Unattributed
Open-source software Untangling code
Editorial regarding programs written by volunteers. It is mentioned that John Lerner and Mark Schankerman, professor at Harvard Business School and the LSE have written 'The Comingled Code'.
The Future of Finance: The LSE Report
Joshua D. Angrist and Jörn-Steffen Pischke
Princeton University Press (4 Jan 2009)
£54.00 and £24.95
The core methods in today's econometric toolkit are linear regression for statistical control, instrumental variables methods for the analysis of natural experiments, and differences-in-differences methods that exploit policy changes. In the modern experimentalist paradigm, these techniques address clear causal questions such as: Do smaller classes increase learning? Should wife batterers be arrested? How much does education raise wages? Mostly Harmless Econometrics shows how the basic tools of applied econometrics allow the data to speak. In addition to econometric essentials, Mostly Harmless Econometrics covers important new extensions - regression-discontinuity designs and quantile regression - as well as how to get standard errors right. Joshua Angrist and Jörn-Steffen Pischke explain why fancier econometric techniques are typically unnecessary and even dangerous. The applied econometric methods emphasized in this book are easy to use and relevant for many areas of contemporary social science. This book features: an irreverent review of econometric essentials; focus on tools that applied researchers use most; chapters on regression-discontinuity designs, quantile regression, and standard errors; many empirical examples; and, a clear and concise resource with wide applications.
Richard Layard and Judy Dunn
Penguin (5 Feb 2009)
Every day the newspapers lament the problems facing our children - broken homes, pressures to eat and drink, the stress of exams. The same issues are discussed in every pub and at every dinner party. But is life really more difficult for children than it was, and if so why? And how can we make it better? This book, which is a result of a two year investigation by the Children's Society and draws upon the work of the UK's leading experts in many fields, explores the main stresses and influences to which every child is exposed - family, friends, youth culture, values, and schooling, and will make recommendations as to how we can improve the upbringing of our children. It tackles issues which affect every child, whatever their background, and questions and provides solutions to the belief that life has become so extraordinarily difficult for children in general. The experts make 30 specific recommendations, written not from the point of view of academics, but for the general reader - above all for parents and teachers. We expect publication to be a major event and the centre of widespread media attention.
Richard Layard is Emeritus Professor of Economics at the London School of Economics, and author of the best-selling Happiness (Penguin, 2005). He was founder-director of the Centre for Economic Performance at the London School of Economics and now heads its programme on well-being. He is also a member of the House of Lords.
Judy Dunn is Professor of Developmental Psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London. Her research interests are in children's social, emotional and communicative development, studied in their families and with their friends. She is Chair of the Good Childhood Inquiry.
Read the press coverage of A Good Childhood: Searching for Values in a Competitive Age
View our Policy Analysis series.
We will try to answer inquiries relating to this work whenever possible. Press inquiries should be directed to Romesh Vaitilingam (Tel: 07768-661095 Email: email@example.com), or if unavailable, to Helen Durrant (Tel: 020 7955 7395 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
See also briefings in our Election Analysis series, examining key issues in the 2010 UK General Election campaign.
The Centre for Economic Performance, McKinsey & Company and Stanford have developed an innovative new methodology to survey management practices in over 4,000 firms across Europe, the US and Asia.
Analysing this data they demonstrate a surprisingly large dispersion in management practices across firms and nations, and an important role for competition, ownership and education in explaining these differences. They also find firms are surprisingly poor at self assessing their own management practices.
To download the report and full academic survey methodology, questionnaire and results go to the Management Practice and Productivity site at http://cep.lse.ac.uk/management/
Annual Report:Full details of work completed and projects undertaken at the CEP are available in our Annual Report. [Full document in PDF] The latest annual report was published in April 2013 for work completed and conducted from January 2012 - Dec 2012.
To view view all our past annual reports see our Annual Report page.
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