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CEP discussion paper

Production networks, geography and firm performance


This paper examines the importance of buyer-supplier relationships, geography and the structure of the production network in firm performance. We develop a simple model where firms can outsource tasks and search for suppliers in different locations. Low search and outsourcing costs lead firms to search more and find better suppliers. This in turn drives down the firm’s marginal production costs. We test the theory by exploiting the opening of a high-speed (Shinkansen) train line in Japan which lowered the cost of passenger travel but left shipping costs unchanged. Using an exhaustive dataset on firms’ buyer-seller linkages, we find significant improvements in firm performance as well as creation of new buyer-seller links, consistent with the model.


Andrew B. Bernard, Andreas Moxnes and Yukiko U. Saito

14 June 2016     Paper Number CEPDP1435

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This CEP discussion paper is published under the centre's Trade programme.