Does Public Investment Spur the Land Market?: Evidence from Transport Improvement in Beijing
Over 140 billion CNY (1GBP=10CNY) has been spent between 2000 and 2012 in Beijing on the construction of new rail transit lines. This massive public investment allows me to examine the consequences of transport improvements for land prices near rail stations. Using unique vacant parcel-specific data, I estimate the significant heterogeneity in the capitalization effects of rail transit development for multiple land uses in Beijing urbanised area. The results show that these transport improvements, identified by the parcel-station distance reductions, give rise to sizeable price premiums in the local residential and commercial land markets. Strikingly, the difference between the increase in the value of residential and commercial land parcels are not distributed evenly. These findings lend to support the evidence that public investment has an essential role to play in spurring the spatially targeted land market and provide implications for further land and transport policy making in China.
Revised April 2014 Paper Number SERCDP0116
This SERC/Urban and Spatial Programme Discussion Paper is published under the centre's Urban programme.