Urban inequality: The role and determinants of urban productivity
One of the ways to understand inequality between regions and cities is to understand why some are more productive than others.
Our existing research has looked at how agglomeration economies (e.g. economies where companies and services are close to each other and so can share infrastructure, support the presence of specialist firms or ease the sharing of knowledge), the transport network and the sorting of workers (i.e. the tendency of highly skilled workers to live in the same place) explain productivity differences across cities.
Our current research continues to consider these issues by using new sources of data to look at what happens inside towns and cities, and how this helps explain differences in economic performance.
For example, we will use Oyster Card data from London Underground to study what determines commuting patterns in a large, complex city.
But we will also pay more attention to institutions and technology. What are the long-run effect of institutions such as political and legal systems, technology and planning on spatial productivity? We are considering this fundamental question using a range of historical data from towns and regions in central Europe, UK regions and the development of London.
Urban Capacity and Economic Output
This report by Stephen Gibbons and Dan Graham was commissioned as part of the evidence base for the National Infrastructure Assessment. Read more...
This paper uses U.K. establishment-level coagglomeration data to document substantial heterogeneity across industries in the microfoundations of agglomeration economies. Read more...
Why Does Birthplace Matter So Much? Sorting, Learning and Geography
How much does where you were born influence your future earnings? Clément Bosquet and Henry Overman reveal that, on average, someone born in London in the 1970s earns 6.6% more than someone born in Manchester and 9.3% more than someone born in Liverpool. Read more...
Urban inequality: The role and determinants of urban productivity publications
Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt and Elisabetta Pietrostefani
1 May 2019
Stephen Gibbons, Teemu Lyytikäinen, Henry G. Overman and Rosa Sanchis-Guarner
1 March 2019
Jeremiah Dittmar and Skipper Seabold
31 January 2019
Stephen Gibbons and Daniel J. Graham
9 August 2018
Giulia Faggio, Olmo Silva and William C. Strange
1 March 2017
Clément Bosquet and Henry G. Overman
22 January 2016
27 June 2013