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Abstract:

CEP Discussion Paper
Minimum Wages
Stephen Machin and Alan Manning
June 1992
Paper No' CEPDP0080:

Debate about the effect of minimum wages on employment in the United Kingdom has not paid much attention to the impact of the existing system of minimum wages, the Wages Council. In this paper, we look at the consequences of the declining importance of the Wages Council in the 1980s for wage inequality and employment in the covered industries. We find that there has been a significant increase in wage inequality as a result of the failure to raise minimum wages in line with earnings, but there is no evidence that the declining minimum produced any beneficial employment effects. If anything, there seems to be a positive correlation between minimum wages and employment, an effect that seems particularly strong in the catering sector.