CEP LSE RSS Contact Us YouTube Facebook Twitter

Abstract:

Journal article
The Evolution of Gender Gaps in Industrialized Countries
Claudia Olivetti and Barbara Petrongolo
October 2016

Annual Review of Economics 8(1), 2016
DOI: 10.1146/annurev-economics-080614-115329
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev-economics-080614-115329


JEL Classification: E24,;J16;J31


Tags: female employment; gender gaps; industry structure

Women in developed economies have made major advancements in labor markets throughout the past century, but remaining gender differences in pay and employment seem remarkably persistent. This article documents long-run trends in female employment, working hours, and relative wages for a wide cross section of developed economies. It reviews existing work on the factors driving gender convergence, and novel perspectives on remaining gender gaps. Finally, the article emphasizes the interplay between gender trends and the evolution of the industry structure. Based on a shift-share decomposition, it shows that the growth in the service share can explain at least half of the overall variation in female hours, both over time and across countries.

DOI: 10.1146/annurev-economics-080614-115329
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev-economics-080614-115329