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CEP discussion paper

Gender and promotions: evidence from academic economists in France


The promotion system for French academic economists provides an interesting environment to examine the promotion gap between men and women. Promotions occur through national competitions for which we have information both on candidates and on those eligible to be candidates. We can then examine the two stages of the process: application and success. Women are less likely to seek promotion and this accounts for up to 76% of the promotion gap. Being a woman also reduces the probability of promotion conditional on applying, although the gender difference is not statistically significant. Our results highlight the importance of the decision to apply.


Clément Bosquet, Pierre-Philippe Combes and Cecilia García-Peñalosa

14 November 2017     Paper Number CEPDP1511

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This CEP discussion paper is published under the centre's Labour markets programme.