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Abstract:

cover
CEP Discussion Paper
Product Diversification in Indian Manufacturing
Johannes Boehm, Swati Dhingra and John Morrow
November 2017
Paper No' CEPDP1509:
Full Paper (pdf)

JEL Classification: L1; L2; M2; O3


Tags: multiproduct firms; product adoption; product diversity

The presence of global value chains challenges the neoclassical idea of the firm since it implies firms are not monolithic but are rather interdependent on the larger economic environment. Examining establishments, the smallest units of production within firms, sheds light on the microeconomic incentives determining the location of production and whether a firm produces a good or sources it. Most work on multiproduct firms looks at developed countries, but constraints on firm growth are greater in developing economies. We examine multiproduct establishments in India during a high growth period. Multiproduct establishments made up the bulk of manufacturing production, and their product turnover contributed 28 per cent to net sales growth. Unlike the nineties which witnessed drastic liberalization, establishments in the two-thousands dropped products at rates similar to those for the US. Sales dispersion across products also predicts product addition.