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CEP occasional paper

International Data on Measuring Management Practices


We examine methods used to survey firms on their management and organizational practices. We contrast the strengths and weaknesses of “open ended questions” (like the World Management Survey) with “closed questions” (like the MOPS). For this type of data, open ended questions give higher quality responses, but are more costly than closed question-based surveys.


Nicholas Bloom, Renata Lemos, Raffaella Sadun, Daniela Scur and John Van Reenen

19 January 2016     Paper Number CEPOP46

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This CEP occasional paper is published under the centre's Growth programme.