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Abstract:

cover
CEP Discussion Paper
The Dynamics of Employment Growth: New Evidence from 18 Countries
Chiara Criscuolo, Peter N. Gal and Carlo Menon
June 2014
Paper No' CEPDP1274:
Full Paper (pdf)

JEL Classification: D22; L26; E24; L25


Tags: business dynamics; employment growth; small businesses; business demography; startups; great recession; job creation and destruction

Motivated by the on-going interest of policy makers in the sources of job creation, this paper presents results from a new OECD project on the dynamics of employment (DynEmp) based on an innovative methodology using firm-level data (i.e. national business registers or similar sources). It demonstrates that among small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), young firms play a central role in creating jobs, whereas old SMEs tend to destroy jobs. This pattern holds robustly across 17 OECD countries and Brazil, extending recent evidence found in the United States. The paper also shows that young firms are always net job creators throughout the business cycle, even during the financial crisis. During the crisis, entry and post-entry growth by young firms were affected most heavily, although downsizing by old firms was responsible for most job losses. The results also highlight large cross-country differences in the growth potential of young firms, pointing to the role played by national policies in enabling successful firms to create jobs.