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28 February 2017
Sleep Deprivation and Employment: Evidence from the "Children of the 90s"
Sleep deprivation has a strong negative effect on labour market performance, according to research by Joan Costa-Font and Sarah Fleche of the Centre for Economic Performance at the London School of Economics. Analysing data on a representative sample of children born in and around Bristol in the early 1990s, they find that a one-hour reduction in parents’ sleep duration significantly decreases labour force participation, the number of hours worked and household income. In addition, they find that low-skilled mothers are more likely to opt out of the labour market and work fewer hours than high-skilled mothers when exposed to sleep deprivation. The researchers conclude that sleep is a major determinant of employment outcomes that needs more attention in economic analysis of time allocation and employment policies. They will present their study at the annual conference of the Royal Economic Society in April.
27 February 2017
Wellbeing Effects of Anonymous Donation of Eggs and Sperm: expert analysis of the impact on donors, donor conceived children and wider society
Donating gametes (eggs and sperm) via clinics as an anonymous donor is not considered to be one of the highest return-to-effort things individuals can do to increase overall wellbeing. That is the consensus finding of a survey of leading researchers on wellbeing from around the world on the wellbeing implications of gametes donation.
On a key question of policy related to anonymous gamete donation, the panel of experts are divided on whether the right of a child to know who their donor was when they turn 18 outweighs the possibility that such a right will lead to a shortage of donors and reduce the number of donor-conceived children.
13 February 2017
NURSERY QUALITY: New evidence of the impact on children's outcomes
A report published today reveals that a child’s educational achievement at the end of their reception year is only very slightly higher if he or she has been taught in nursery by a qualified teacher or early years professional. Attending a nursery rated as ‘outstanding’ by Ofsted, the regulator of educational quality in England, also has limited benefits. The research concludes that while there are important differences between the outcomes of children who attend different nurseries, we do not yet understand enough about what generates them.
30 January 2017
FEWER LEVELS OF MIDDLE MANAGEMENT WOULD IMPROVE WORKERS WELLBEING: New survey of happiness researchers
Workers’ satisfaction with their job is, on average, higher in a flatter organisation than in a hierarchical organisation. That is the consensus finding of a survey of leading researchers on wellbeing from around the world on the impact of different organisational structures on workers’ wellbeing.
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